Sanibel Fishing, Tarpon, March 14!

Current Red Tide & Water Quality Update Here (Page Down For Detail On Sampling & Location Table).
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Tarpon, Sanibel Fishing Charters, Catch & Release, Sanibel Fishing Report, Thursday, March 14, 2019.
Tarpon, Sanibel Fishing Charters, Catch & Release, Sanibel Fishing Report, Thursday, March 14, 2019.

Tarpon, Sanibel Fishing Charters, Catch & Release, Sanibel Fishing Report, Tuesday, March 12, 2019.
Tarpon, Sanibel Fishing Charters, Catch & Release, Sanibel Fishing Report, Tuesday, March 12, 2019.

Captiva Island Fishing Charters, March 14, 2019.

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Vote Water! Sanibel Fishing & Captiva Fishing, Sanibel Island.

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Sanibel Fishing Guide Report: Thursday, March 14: Tarpon Fishing Has Been Very, Very Good This Week, Captain Joe’s Charters – tarpon season has begun early this year! We have had a warm spring, red tide is gone and a lot of good fish have moved back into the gulf, bay, and passes; water is much, much better – redfish, sheepshead, black drum, snapper, snook, and seatrout are currently present.

Redfish & snook are regulated as catch & release at this time.

Already seeing some positive impact.  Some very nice big redfish and snook around, more big redfish than snook.

The Caloosahatchee freshwater releases are also not an issue right now, but still a huge long-term problem.

Extremely frustrating.  We need wholesale changes in the Florida state government.  It is not a Republican or Democrat issue – it is a Big Sugar control everyone issue.  It is stunning how we continue to let the sugar industry and the agriculture north of Lake Okeechobee to damage the water and all of Florida.

Please click here to Book A Charter or call 239-472-8658.

We’re located in Castaways Marina, Santiva, Sanibel Island, just before the Blind Pass bridge to Captiva Island.

Turner Beach, the beach adjoining Blind Pass, is frequently covered with a bounty of shells from Olives to Fighting Whelks to the more common Conchs.

The fishing is also renowned for sharks in the summer, tailing redfish on the bayside flats and snook under and off the Blind Pass bridge. Because Turner Beach faces Westward, the sunsets are spectacular and a popular viewing point for residents and visitors alike.

Sanibel Fishing Charters

For more information just use the menu for recent fishing reports, background on any species, and other recent fishing, water quality reports, and information.

March 14, Captiva Island Fishing Charters & Sanibel Island Fishing Charters: Tarpon, Catch & Release.  Please also visit the Florida Fishing Report and Cuban Fishing sites. 

Sanibel & Captiva, Birthplace Of Big Game Fishing!

Tarpon on the line, Boca Grande Pass, Sanibel & Captiva Fishing Charters.

Both resident tarpon and tarpon moving up from the south are in off Captiva currently. Tarpon season has begun early this year!

Tarpon, Catch & Release, Sanibel Island Fishing Charters, Sanibel Fishing Report, Sunday, June 17, 2018, Sanibel Island.
Tarpon, Catch & Release, Sanibel Island Fishing Charters, Sanibel Fishing Report, Sunday, June 17, 2018, Sanibel Island.

“Tarpon are large air-breathing fish of the genus Megalops; one species is native to the Atlantic, and the other to the Indo-Pacific Seas. They are the only members of the family Megalopidae.

The two species of tarpon are Megalops atlanticus (Atlantic tarpon) and the Megalops cyprinoides (Indo-Pacific tarpon). M. atlanticus is found on the western Atlantic coast from Virginia to Brazil, throughout the coast of the Gulf of Mexico, and throughout the Caribbean. Tarpon are also found along the eastern Atlantic coast from Senegal to South Angola.[3] M. cyprinoides is found along the eastern African coast, throughout southeast AsiaJapanTahiti, and Australia.

Tarpon, Catch & Release, Sanibel Island Fishing Charters, Sanibel Fishing Report, Thursday, May 26, 2018, Sanibel Island.
Tarpon, Catch & Release, Sanibel Island Fishing Charters, Sanibel Fishing Report, Thursday, May 26, 2018, Sanibel Island.

Both species are found in both saltwater and freshwater habitats, usually ascending rivers to access freshwater marshes.[4] They are able to survive in brackish water, waters of varying pH, and habitats with low dissolved O2 content due to their swim bladders, which they use primarily to breathe.

They are also able to rise to the surface and take gulps of air, which gives them a short burst of energy.

Tarpon, Captain Jimmy Burnsed, Sanibel Fishing Reports & Captiva Fishing Reports & Charters, Saturday, May 6, 2017.
Tarpon, Captain Jimmy Burnsed, Sanibel Fishing Reports & Captiva Fishing Reports & Charters, Saturday, May 6, 2017.

The habitats of tarpon vary greatly with their developmental stages. Stage-one larvae are usually found in clear, warm, oceanic waters, relatively close to the surface. Stage-two and -three larvae are found in salt marshestidal poolscreeks, and rivers. The habitats are characteristically warm, shallow, dark bodies of water with sandy mud bottoms. Tarpon commonly ascend rivers into freshwater. As they progress from the juvenile stage to adulthood, they move back to the open waters of the ocean, though many remain in freshwater habitats.[5][6]

Tarpon, Captain Joey Burnsed, Sanibel Fishing Reports & Captiva Fishing Reports & Charters, Saturday, May 6, 2017.
Tarpon, Captain Joey Burnsed, Sanibel Fishing Reports & Captiva Fishing Reports & Charters, Saturday, May 6, 2017.

Tarpon grow to about 4–8 ft long and weigh 60–280 lbs. They have dorsal and anal soft rays and have bluish or greenish backs. Tarpon possess shiny, silvery scales that cover most of their bodies, excluding the head. They have large eyes with adipose eyelids and broad mouths with prominent lower jaws that jut out farther than the rest of the face.[3][4][5]

Tarpon, Sanibel Fishing Reports & Captiva Fishing Reports & Charters, Saturday, May 6, 2017.
Tarpon, Sanibel Fishing Reports & Captiva Fishing Reports & Charters, Saturday, May 6, 2017.

Tarpon breed offshore in warm, isolated areas. Females have high fecundity and can lay up to 12 million eggs at once. They reach sexual maturity once they are about 75–125 cm in length. Spawning usually occurs in late spring to early summer.[5]

Their three distinct levels of development usually occur in varying habitats. The first stage, the leptocephalus stage, or stage one, is completed after 20–30 days. It takes place in clear, warm oceanic waters, usually within 10–20 m of the surface.

Big Tarpon, Catch & Release, Sanibel Fishing Reports & Captiva Fishing Reports & Charters, Saturday, July 22, 2017. File Photo.
Big Tarpon, Catch & Release, Sanibel Fishing Reports & Captiva Fishing Reports & Charters, Saturday, July 22, 2017. File Photo.

The leptocephalus shrinks as it develops into a larva; the most shrunken larva, stage two, develops by day 70. This is due to a negative growth phase followed by a sluggish growth phase.

By day 70, the juvenile growth phase, stage three, begins and the fish begins to rapidly grow until it reaches sexual maturity.[3][7]

Stage-one developing Megalops do not forage for food, but instead, absorb nutrients from seawater using integumentary absorption. Stage-two and -three juveniles feed primarily on zooplankton but also feed on insects and small fish.

Sanibel Fishing Reports & Captiva Fishing Reports & Charters, Friday, November 6, 2015, Josh & Tarpon On Thursday.
Sanibel Fishing Reports & Captiva Fishing Reports & Charters, Friday, November 6, 2015, Josh & Tarpon On Thursday.

As they progress in juvenile development, especially those developing in freshwater environments, their consumption of insects, fish, crabs, and grass shrimp increases. Adults are strictly carnivorous and feed on midwater prey; they swallow their food whole and hunt nocturnally.[5][6]

 

Tarpon Fishing, Catch & Release, Sanibel Fishing Report & Captiva Fishing Report, Saturday, August 26, 2017, Sanibel Island.
Tarpon Fishing, Catch & Release, Sanibel Fishing Report & Captiva Fishing Report, Saturday, August 26, 2017, Sanibel Island.

 

The main predators of Megalops during stage one and early stage-two development are other fish, depending on their size. Juveniles are subject to predation by other juvenile Megalops and piscivorous birds. They are especially vulnerable to birds when they come to the surface for air, due to the rolling manner in which they move to take in the air, as well as the silver scales lining their sides.[8] Adults occasionally fall prey to sharks, porpoises, crocodiles, and alligators.

One of the unique features of Megalops is the swim bladder, which functions as a respiratory pseudo-organ. These gas structures can be used for buoyancy, as an accessory respiratory organ, or both.

Big Tarpon, Sanibel Fishing Reports & Captiva Fishing Reports & Charters, Saturday, May 6, 2017.
Big Tarpon, Sanibel Fishing Reports & Captiva Fishing Reports & Charters, Saturday, May 6, 2017.

In Megalops, this unpaired air-holding structure arises dorsally from the posterior pharynx. Megalops uses the swim bladder as a respiratory organ and the respiratory surface is coated with blood capillaries with a thin epithelium over the top. This is the basis of the alveolar tissue found in the swim bladder, and is believed to be one of the primary methods by which Megalops “breathes”. These fish are obligate air breathers, and if they are not allowed to access the surface, they will die. The exchange of gas occurs at the surface through a rolling motion that is commonly associated with Megalops sightings.

This “breathing” is believed to be mediated by visual cues, and the frequency of breathing is inversely correlated to the dissolved O2 content of the water in which they live.[5][9]

Sanibel Fishing Reports & Captiva Fishing Reports & Charters, Friday, November 6, 2015, November Tarpon Fishing.
Sanibel Fishing Reports & Captiva Fishing Reports & Charters, Friday, November 6, 2015, November Tarpon Fishing.

Megalops is considered one of the great saltwater game fishes. They are prized not only because of their great size but also because of the fight they put up and their spectacular leaping ability. They are bony fish and their meat is not desirable, so most are released after they are caught. Numerous tournaments around the year are focused on catching tarpon.[10]

Since tarpon are not commercially valuable as a food fish, very little has been documented concerning their geographical distribution and migrations.

Sanibel Fishing, Tarpon, 5-6-15, Sanibel Fishing Reports & Captiva Fishing Reports & Charters.
Sanibel Fishing, Tarpon, 5-6-15, Sanibel Fishing Reports & Captiva Fishing Reports & Charters.

They inhabit both sides of the Atlantic Ocean, and their range in the eastern Atlantic has been reliably established from Senegal to the Congo.

Tarpon inhabiting the western Atlantic are principally found to populate warmer coastal waters primarily in the Gulf of Mexico, Florida, and the West Indies. Nonetheless, tarpon are regularly caught by anglers at Cape Hatteras and as far as Nova Scotia, Bermuda, and south to Argentina.

Tarpon, Boca Grande, Sanibel Fishing Reports & Captiva Fishing Reports & Charters.
Tarpon, Boca Grande, Sanibel Fishing Reports & Captiva Fishing Reports & Charters.

Scientific studies[11] indicate schools of tarpon have routinely migrated through the Panama Canal from the Atlantic to the Pacific and back for over 70 years. However, they have not been found to breed in the Pacific Ocean. Nevertheless, anecdotal evidence by tarpon fishing guides and anglers would tend to validate this notion, as over the last 60 years, many small juvenile tarpon, as well as mature giants, have been caught and documented principally on the Pacific side of Panama at the Bayano River, the Gulf of San Miguel and its tributaries, Coiba Island in the Gulf of Chiriquí, and Piñas Bay in the Gulf of Panama.

Since tarpon tolerate wide ranges in salinity throughout their lives and will eat almost anything dead or alive, their migrations seemingly are only limited by water temperatures.[citation needed]

Tarpon, Catch & Release, Sanibel Island Fishing Charters, Sanibel Fishing Report, Friday, July 6, 2018, Sanibel Island.
Tarpon, Catch & Release, Sanibel Island Fishing Charters, Sanibel Fishing Report, Friday, July 6, 2018, Sanibel Island.

Tarpon prefer water temperatures of 72 to 82 °F (22 to 28 °C); below 60 °F (15.6 °C) degrees they become inactive, and temperatures under 40 °F (4.5 °C) can be lethal.”  Please see source & more information here.

Tarpon

Image Credit: © Diane Rome Peebles

Tarpon: Megalops atlanticus

Florida Regulations 

Regulations Gulf State Waters Atlantic State Waters
Minimum Size Limit No Minimum Size Limit; Tarpon over 40 inches MUST remain in the water
Daily Bag Limit Tarpon is a catch-and-release-only fishery.

One tarpon tag per person per year may be purchased when in pursuit of an International Game Fish Association (IGFA) record. Vessel, transport, and shipment limited to one fish.

 

Tarpon Jumping, Boca Grande Pass, May 29, 2017, Sanibel Captiva Fishing Charters. File Photo.
Tarpon Jumping, Boca Grande Pass, May 29, 2017, Sanibel Captiva Fishing Charters. File Photo.

“Boca Grande Pass Regulations:

  • Fishing with gear that has a weight attached to a hook, artificial fly or lure in such a way that the weight hangs lower than the hook when the line or leader is suspended vertically from the rod is prohibited when fishing for any species year-round within Boca Grande Pass. If this gear is on board a fishing vessel while inside the boundaries of the Pass, it cannot be attached to any rod, line or leader and must be stowed. Natural bait is not considered to be a weight. If the jig fishes in an illegal manner it is prohibited.
  • Any jig that allows the attached weight to slip down the shank so that it hangs lower than the hook while the line or leader is suspended vertically from the rod is prohibited, and must be stowed so it is not readily accessible.
  • During the months of April, May, and June, no more than three fishing lines may be deployed from a vessel at any one time.
  • During the months of April, May, and June, no person shall use, fish with, or place in the water any breakaway gear.

Learn more about recent regulation changes by reading our Frequently Asked Questions.

Unsure if the gear is prohibited? Call the regional office at 863-648-3200.

State Record: 243 lb, caught near Key West.  For more information on Tarpon, please see FWC.

Fair winds and following seas,

Captain Joey Burnsed ~ please click calendar at the upper left or call 239-472-8658 to book a Sanibel & Captiva Islands, Boca Grande or Fort Myers fishing guide trip or shelling charter.

Tarpon Rolling, 6-16-14, Sanibel, Captiva & Fort Myers Fishing Reports & Charters.
Tarpon Rolling, 6-16-14, Sanibel, Captiva & Fort Myers Fishing Reports & Charters.